Components of the Strategy:
  1. Use only clean planting material.
  2. If re-planting into an old banana block, allow at least 6 months fallow after old banana material has rotted down.
  3. Remove weeds and trash around banana stools to allow maximum effectiveness of insecticides and to reduce sheltering sites for weevils. Application of insecticide to trash may lead to reduced control of banana weevil borer.
  4. Cut up fallen and harvested pseudostems to reduce weevil breeding sites.
  5. Monitor regularly for banana weevil borer activity by trapping (when adult weevils are active) or conduct corm damage ratings.
  6. Only use insecticides when populations reach or exceed accepted threshold levels. Refer to local Department of Agriculture guidelines.
  7. Only use insecticides at the registered rate of application and apply at times when the particular product will have the maximum impact, i.e. use contact insecticides only when weevil borer adults are active.
  8. Use insecticides only in the years indicated in the following diagrams.
  9. Consider the impact of the use of other pesticides for other insects or nematodes on banana weevil borers.
  10. For rust thrips control, a combination of control methods such as butt/band sprays, stem injection or spray and bunch sprays may be required.

The following two diagrams are alternative Resistance Management Strategies depending on which product(s) are chosen for banana weevil borer and rust thrips control.

STRATEGY A

Where products other than controlled release formulations of imidacloprid are being used to control insects in bananas.

Group* Chemical Sub-Group Chemical Example Year 1 Use Year 2 Use Year 3 Use Year 4 Use Year 5 Use Year 6 Use
1Aor 1B Carbamates Organophosphates Oxamyl1or Acephate2,cadusafos1 , chlorpyrifos 3 , diazinon 3 , prothiofos 1 , terbufos 1 YES NO YES NO YES NO
2B Phenylpyrazole (Fiproles) Fipronil3 YES NO YES NO YES NO
3A Synthetic pyrethroids Bifenthrin3 NO YES NO YES NO YES
4A Neo-nicotinoids Clothianidin3, imidacloprid3 NO YES NO YES NO YES
5 Spinosyns Spinetoram2 NO YES NO YES NO YES
  1. Products registered for banana weevil borer control.
  2. Product registered for rust thrips control as bunch sprays only.
  3. Products registered for banana weevil borer and rust thrips control.

Guidelines:

  1. The resistance management strategy may start at any point in the product group rotation and planting may occur in any year of the strategy.
  2. The product(s) used in any one year should not be followed by product(s) from the same insecticide group in the following year.
  3. Only products from the YES insecticide groups shown in the diagram above should be applied for banana weevil borer control and/or rust thrips control in the same year.
  4. If products from Group 1A or 1B (oxamyl, cadusafos or terbufos) are being used for nematode control in a block of bananas, then products from these groups should not be used for banana weevil borer control in the following year.
  5. Where there is evidence of banana weevil borer or rust thrips resistance to a product or group of products, these should not be used again for banana weevil borer or rust thrips control until there has been use of products from other Insecticide Mode of Action groups for a period of at least 2 years.
  6. Where there is evidence of banana weevil borer or rust thrips resistance to a product or group of products, these should not be used again for banana weevil borer control until there has been use of products from other Insecticide Mode of Action groups for a period of at least 2 years.

STRATEGY B

Where products including controlled release formulations of imidacloprid are being used to control insects in bananas.

Group* Chemical Sub-Group Chemical Example Year 1 Use Year 2 Use Year 3 Use Year 4 Use Year 5 Use Year 6 Use
1Aor1B Carbamates Organophosphates Oxamyl1or Acephate2,cadusafos1 , chlorpyrifos 3 , diazinon 3 , prothiofos 1 , terbufos 1 NO YES NO YES NO YES
2B Phenylpyrazole (Fiproles) Fipronil3 YES NO YES NO YES NO
3A Synthetic pyrethroids Bifenthrin3 NO YES NO YES NO YES
4A Neo-nicotinoids CR imidacloprid3 YES YES YES NO NO NO
5 Spinosyns Spinetoram2 YES NO YES NO YES
 
  1. Products registered for banana weevil borer control.
  2. Product registered for rust thrips control only as bunch sprays.
  3. Products registered for banana weevil borer and rust thrips control or suppression.
Guidelines
  1. The resistance management strategy may start at year 1 or year 4  in the product group rotation.
  2. Controlled release imidacloprid provides 3 years control of banana weevil borer with one application at planting, so after the 3rd year, insecticide products from other Mode of Action groups are to be used in rotation for at least 3 years for banana weevil borer and rust thrips control in a given block of bananas.
  3. Alternative product groups are provided in these 3 years for control of rust thrips as soil or stem treatments or bunch sprays.
  4. Only products from the YES insecticide groups shown in the diagram above should be applied for banana weevil borer control and/or rust thrips control in the same year.
  5. If products from Group 1A or 1B (oxamyl, cadusafos or terbufos) are being used for nematode control in a block of bananas, then products from these groups should not be used for banana weevil borer control in the following year. 
  6. Where there is evidence of banana weevil borer or rust thrips resistance to a product or group of products, these should not be used again for banana weevil borer control until there has been use of products from other Insecticide Mode of Action groups for a period of at least 2 years.

CropLife Australia’s Resistance Management Strategies provide a guide for crop protection product rotation through product groups.  The strategies are a useful tool that supports farmers’ adoption of resistance management.

All crop protection products must be handled and applied strictly as specified on the product label or APVMA permits.  These Resistance Management Strategies do not replace product labels.  They are a guide only and do not endorse particular products, groups of products or cultural methods in terms of their performance.  It is important to check with the Australian regulator’s (APVMA) product database for contemporary information on products and active constituents.  The database can be sourced through www.apvma.gov.au