Group* Chemical sub-group Example chemical
1B Organophosphates acephate, azinphos-methyl, methamidophos, diazinon, dichlorvos
1A Carbamates carbaryl, methomyl
3A Pyrethroids permethrin
5 Spinosyns spinosad, spinetoram
28 Diamides Chlorantraniliprole, Flubendiamide

* Refer: CropLife Australia Insecticide Resistance Management Review Group Mode of Action Classification for Insecticides


Monitor pest levels and do not spray unless pest thresholds are exceeded.

Rotate insecticide groups and do not use two consecutive applications of products with the same Mode of Action.

Integrate both chemical and non-chemical means of control as part of the overall control strategy. Examples are the use of predators/parasites and relevant cultural practices (crop hygiene, rotation of planted areas, and strategic time of planting).

CropLife Australia’s Resistance Management Strategies provide a guide for crop protection product rotation through product groups.  The strategies are a useful tool that supports farmers’ adoption of resistance management.

All crop protection products must be handled and applied strictly as specified on the product label or APVMA permits.  These Resistance Management Strategies do not replace product labels.  They are a guide only and do not endorse particular products, groups of products or cultural methods in terms of their performance.  It is important to check with the Australian regulator’s (APVMA) product database for contemporary information on products and active constituents.  The database can be sourced through