Moderate resistance risk
Group L resistance exists in Australia in annual ryegrass, barley grass (2 species),blackberry nightshade, crowsfoot grass, capeweed , pennsylvanian cudweed, squirrel-tailed fescue (silver grass)and small square weed. Most instances have occurred in longterm lucerne stands treated regularly with a Group L herbicide but Group L resistant barley grass has also occurred in no-till situations.
The following factors are common to most cases of Group L resistance:
The risk of resistance to Group L herbicides is higher in zero tillage broadacre cropping. Other high resistance risk situations include: irrigated clover pivots, orchards, vineyards or pure lucerne stands where frequent applications of a Group L herbicide are made each season, cultivation is not used and there is reliance on a Group L herbicide alone for weed control.
To assist in delaying the onset of resistance, consider alternating Group L herbicides with herbicides from other modes of action. For example, (Group N) eg glufosinate or (Group Q) eg amitrole or (Group M) eg glyphosate.
Below are strategies that address these high resistance risk situations to reduce the risk of Group L resistance developing.
All the above recommendations should be read in conjunction with the Integrated Weed Management (IWM) strategies
CHEMICAL FAMILY ACTIVE CONSTITUENT (FIRST REGISTERED TRADE NAME)
GROUP L Inhibitors of photosynthesis at photosystem I (PSI inhibitors)
Bipyridyls: diquat (Reglone®, Spray Seed®*), paraquat (Alliance®*, Gramoxone®, Spray Seed®*)
* This product contains more than one active constituent
List of chemical families, approved active constituents and, in parenthesis, the trade name of the first registered product or successor. Refer to the APVMA website (www.apvma.gov.au) to obtain a complete list of registered products from the PUBCRIS database.
Content last updated: June 28, 2017