Specific guidelines for Group M herbicides

Moderate resistance risk

Globally herbicide resistance to the Group M herbicide mode of action has been confirmed and documented in more than 30 weed species across more than 25 countries.

Resistance to Group M herbicides is significant given it is the most important and most widely used herbicide.

Group M resistance occurs in Australia in more than 1,000 populations of annual ryegrass, more than 200 populations of awnless barnyard grass, brome grass, more than 50 populations of common sow thistle, feathertop rhodes grass, more than 100 populations of flax-leaf fleabane, liverseed grass, sweet summer grass, wild radish and windmill grass.

The following factors are common to all cases of Group M resistance:

  • Lack of rotation of other herbicide modes of action;
  • A Group M herbicide has been used for 12 – 15 years or more; and
  • There has been minimal or no soil disturbance following application.

Given the very important role of glyphosate in Australian farming systems, the Australian agricultural industry has developed strategies for sustainable use of glyphosate. For more information refer to the Australian Glyphosate Sustainability Working Group website http://www.glyphosateresistance.org.au

A number of these cases of resistance to glyphosate have occurred in horticultural (vines, tree crops & vegetables) and non-cropping situations (eg. airstrips, railways, firebreaks, fencelines, roadsides, driveways, irrigation ditches, around sheds), with the balance occurring in no-till broadacre cropping systems.

To assist in delaying the onset of resistance, consider alternating Group M herbicides with herbicides from other modes of action. For example (Group L) eg paraquat, or (Group N) eg glufosinate or (Group Q) eg amitrole.

Given the demonstrated propensity of weeds to develop resistance to multiple herbicide classes, Integrated Weed Management principles should be incorporated wherever possible to minimise the risk of selecting for glyphosate resistance.  Strategies may include the use of cultivation, the double knock technique, strategic herbicide rotation, grazing, baling etc.

For further information



All the above recommendations should be read in conjunction with the Integrated Weed Management (IWM) strategies

GROUP MInhibitors of 5-enolpyruvyl shikimate-3 phosphate (EPSP) synthase
Glycines: glyphosate (Arsenal Xpress®*, Broadway®*, Firestorm®*, Illico®*, Resolva®*, Roundup®, Tough Roundup® Weedkiller*, Trounce®*, Yates Pathweeder®*)

* This product contains more than one active constituent

List of chemical families, approved active constituents and, in parenthesis, the trade name of the first registered product or successor.  Refer to the APVMA website (www.apvma.gov.au) to obtain a complete list of registered products from the PUBCRIS database. 

URL: https://croplife.org.au/resources/programs/resistance-management/specific-guidelines-for-group-m-herbicides/
Content last updated: June 22, 2018

CropLife Australia’s Resistance Management Strategies provide a guide for crop protection product rotation through product groups. The strategies are a useful tool that supports farmers’ adoption of resistance management. All crop protection products must be handled and applied strictly as specified on the product label or APVMA permits.

These Resistance Management Strategies do not replace product labels. They are a guide only and do not endorse particular products, groups of products or cultural methods in terms of their performance. It is important to check with the Australian regulator’s (APVMA) product database for contemporary information on products and active constituents. The database can be sourced through www.apvma.gov.au

The information given in this strategy is provided in good faith and without any liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of its application and use. Advice given in this strategy is valid as at 22 June 2018. All previous versions of this strategy are now invalid.