- The Modes of Action (groups) and registered insecticides/miticides in turf are listed below.
||Bacillus thuringiensis and the insecticidal proteins they produce
* Refer CropLife Australia Insecticide Resistance Management Review Group Mode of Action Classification for Insecticides.
- Monitor regularly for insect/mite activity. Where relevant consider the use of light, insect traps or other monitoring tools, including flushing with pyrethrum, soap, or salt solutions.
- Use insecticides when insect populations reach accepted threshold levels.
- For certain insect pests, preventative applications may be required to avoid the buildup of insect populations.
- Always read and follow product labels and use the full recommended label rates of application. Some products place a limit on the number of times they can be applied per season/year and when they can be applied.
- Ensure the spray equipment is properly calibrated and achieving good coverage with appropriately sized spray droplets.
- Do not apply if heavy rains or storms that are likely to cause runoff are forecast. Read individual labels for additional advice.
- Rotate between registered insecticides that have different modes of action.
- Where possible avoid applying consecutive applications of insecticides that have the same mode of action within and between seasons or exceed the recommended maximum number of applications in a season/year.
- Time the applications to the most susceptible life stage of the target pest.
- Do not re-treat a spray failure with a product from the same mode of action group.
- Avoid using insecticide tank-mixes where both active ingredients control the same insect pests as this strategy is generally not considered best-practice for resistance management.
Mite – additional information
- Monitor mite activity and treat infestations as soon as detected i.e. spray earlier rather than later. Seek advice on local threshold levels.
- Avoid sequential applications of products from any one mode of action group.
- Preferably products with the same Mode of Action should not be used more than twice during the main growing season.
- Refer to The CropLife Australia Expert committee on Insecticide Resistance Mode of Action Classification for Insecticides.
- There is known cross-resistance between some chemical groups e.g. Groups 1A and 1B.
- Seek advice from the manufacturers and/or government advisory services to determine local resistance levels for specific mode of action Groups.
- Do not exceed the maximum number of applications permitted on the insecticide/miticide label.
- When using insecticides to control other pests, consider the chemical group in relation to contributing to resistance development of other insect/mite pests.
When using insecticides to control pests, consider the effect on beneficial insects and the potential to flare insect/mite populations.