Turf – Various

Crops(s)                      Turf

Insect(s)/Mite(s)      Various


  1. The Modes of Action (groups) and registered insecticides/miticides in turf are listed below.
Group* Chemical sub-group Example chemical Product type
3A Pyrethroids beta-cyfluthrin



6 Avermectins abamectin Miticide
10A Clofentezine clofentezine Miticide
10B Etoxazole etoxazole Miticide
12A Diafenthiuron diafenthiuron Miticide
1A Carbamates bendiocarb Insecticide
1B Organophosphates diazinon

maldison (malathion)


4A Neonicotinoids clothianidin



2B Phenylpyrazoles (Fiproles) fipronil Insecticide
15 Benzoylureas novaluron Insecticide
7C Pyriproxyfen pyriproxyfen Insecticide
11A Bacillus thuringiensis and the insecticidal proteins they produce Bacillus thuringiensis Insecticide
20A Hydramethylnon hydramethylnon Insecticide
22A Oxadiazines indoxacarb Insecticide
22B Semicarbazones metaflumizone Insecticide
28 Diamides chlorantraniliprole




* Refer CropLife Australia Insecticide Resistance Management Review Group Mode of Action Classification for Insecticides.

  1. Monitor regularly for insect/mite activity. Where relevant consider the use of light, insect traps or other monitoring tools, including flushing with pyrethrum, soap, or salt solutions.
  2. Use insecticides when insect populations reach accepted threshold levels.
  3. For certain insect pests, preventative applications may be required to avoid the buildup of insect populations.
  4. Always read and follow product labels and use the full recommended label rates of application. Some products place a limit on the number of times they can be applied per season/year and when they can be applied.
  5. Ensure the spray equipment is properly calibrated and achieving good coverage with appropriately sized spray droplets.
  6. Do not apply if heavy rains or storms that are likely to cause runoff are forecast. Read individual labels for additional advice.
  7. Rotate between registered insecticides that have different modes of action.
  8. Where possible avoid applying consecutive applications of insecticides that have the same mode of action within and between seasons or exceed the recommended maximum number of applications in a season/year.
  9. Time the applications to the most susceptible life stage of the target pest.
  10. Do not re-treat a spray failure with a product from the same mode of action group.
  11. Avoid using insecticide tank-mixes where both active ingredients control the same insect pests as this strategy is generally not considered best-practice for resistance management.

Mite – additional information

  1. Monitor mite activity and treat infestations as soon as detected i.e. spray earlier rather than later. Seek advice on local threshold levels.
  2. Avoid sequential applications of products from any one mode of action group.
  3. Preferably products with the same Mode of Action should not be used more than twice during the main growing season.


  1. Refer to The CropLife Australia Expert committee on Insecticide Resistance Mode of Action Classification for Insecticides.
  2. There is known cross-resistance between some chemical groups e.g. Groups 1A and 1B.
  3. Seek advice from the manufacturers and/or government advisory services to determine local resistance levels for specific mode of action Groups.
  4. Do not exceed the maximum number of applications permitted on the insecticide/miticide label.
  5. When using insecticides to control other pests, consider the chemical group in relation to contributing to resistance development of other insect/mite pests.

When using insecticides to control pests, consider the effect on beneficial insects and the potential to flare insect/mite populations.

URL: https://croplife.org.au/resources/programs/resistance-management/turf-various-3/
Content last updated: July 14, 2023

CropLife Australia’s Resistance Management Strategies provide a guide for crop protection product rotation through product groups. The strategies are a useful tool that supports farmers’ adoption of resistance management. All crop protection products must be handled and applied strictly as specified on the product label or APVMA permits.

These Resistance Management Strategies do not replace product labels. They are a guide only and do not endorse particular products, groups of products or cultural methods in terms of their performance. It is important to check with the Australian regulator’s (APVMA) product database for contemporary information on products and active constituents. The database can be sourced through www.apvma.gov.au

The information given in this strategy is provided in good faith and without any liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of its application and use. Advice given in this strategy is valid as at 14 July 2023. All previous versions of this strategy are now invalid.