Specific guidelines for Group 01 herbicides

High resistance risk

Globally, herbicide resistance to Group 1 herbicides have been confirmed and documented in more than 50 grass weed species across more than 40 countries. Group 1 resistance is extensive and prolific with tens of millions of hectares affected, in fact it is the second most likely herbicide mode of action to develop resistance with only the Group 2 mode of action more likely.

Group 1 resistance commonly exists across wide areas of Australia in the grass weed species including more than 30,000 populations of annual ryegrass, annual veld grass, more than 5,000 populations of wild oats, phalaris, more than 200 populations of brome grass, crabgrass, crowsfoot grass and more than 200 populations of barley grass. Resistance has developed in broadacre and vegetable situations.

Research has shown that as few as 6 applications to the same population of annual ryegrass can result in the selection of resistant individuals. A population can go from a small area of resistant individuals to a whole paddock failure in one season.

  1. FOPs, DIMs and DENs are Group 1 herbicides and carry the same high resistance risk.
  2. Where a Group 1 herbicide has been used on a particular paddock for control of any grass weed, avoid using a Group 1 herbicide to control the same grass weed in the following season, irrespective of the performance it gave.
  3. Frequent application of Group 1 herbicides to dense weed populations is the worst-case scenario for rapidly selecting for resistance.
  4. Where resistance to a member of Group 1 is suspected or known to exist, there is a strong possibility of cross resistance to other Group 1 and 0 herbicides. Therefore, use other control methods and herbicides of other mode of action groups in a future integrated approach.
  5. Specific recommendations are available for CoAXium® Production System; Quizalofop-p-ethyl tolerant cereals, which are available from Sipcam: https://www.coaxiumwps.com/.

The above recommendations should be incorporated into an Integrated Weed Management (IWM) program. In all cases try to ensure surviving weeds from any treatment do not set and shed viable seed. Keep to integrated strategies mentioned in this brochure including cultural weed control techniques to reduce the weed seedbank. Make sure you mix and rotate herbicides from different mode of action groups. Always consult the product label prior to use.

Chemical family Active constituent (first registered trade name)

Inhibition of acetyl co-enzyme A carboxylase (/ACC’ase inhibitors)

Aryloxyphenoxypropionates (FOPs clodinafop (Topik®), cyhalofop (Agixa®*, Barnstorm®), diclofop

(Cheetah® Gold* Decision®*,), fenoxaprop (Cheetah®, Gold*, Wildcat®), fluazifop (Fusilade® RoundupFNG Weedkiller®), haloxyfop (Verdict®), propaquizafop (Shogun®), quizalofop (Targa®)

Cyclohexanediones (DIMs) butroxydim (Factor®*), clethodim (Select®, Zero Triple ActionGarden Weedkiller®)), profoxydim (Aura®), sethoxydim (Cheetah® Gold*, Decision®*), tralkoxydim (Achieve®)
Phenylpyrazoles (DENs) pinoxaden (Axial®)

* This product contains more than one active constituent



  1. List of chemical families, approved active constituents and, in parenthesis, the trade name of the first registered product or successor. Refer to the APVMA website (apvma.gov.au) to obtain a complete list of registered products from the PUBCRIS database.

URL: https://croplife.org.au/resources/programs/resistance-management/specific-guidelines-for-group-1-herbicides/
Content last updated: June 26, 2024

CropLife Australia’s Resistance Management Strategies provide a guide for crop protection product rotation through product groups. The strategies are a useful tool that supports farmers’ adoption of resistance management. All crop protection products must be handled and applied strictly as specified on the product label or APVMA permits.

These Resistance Management Strategies do not replace product labels. They are a guide only and do not endorse particular products, groups of products or cultural methods in terms of their performance. It is important to check with the Australian regulator’s (APVMA) product database for contemporary information on products and active constituents. The database can be sourced through www.apvma.gov.au

The information given in this strategy is provided in good faith and without any liability for loss or damage suffered as a result of its application and use. Advice given in this strategy is valid as at 26 June 2024. All previous versions of this strategy are now invalid.